ARPHA Preprints, doi: 10.3897/arphapreprints.e102377
Inventory of tiger and ground beetles (Coleoptera, Caraboidea: Cicindelidae and Carabidae) in two sampling seasons of the Gorongosa National Park
expand article infoArtur R. M. Serrano, Martim Baptista§, Rui Carvalho|, Mário Boieiro|, Sara Mendes, Marie Bartz, Sérgio Timóteo, Henrique M.V.S. Azevedo-Pereira#, Carlos A.S Aguiar, António Alves da Silva, Joana Alves, Maria Jesús I. Briones¤, Paulo A. V. Borges|«, José P. Sousa, Pedro Martins da Silva
‡ Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Rua Ernesto de Vasconcelos Ed. C2, Campo Grande, 1749- 016, Lisbon, Portugal§ Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal| Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c)/Azorean Biodiversity Group, CHANGE – Global Change and Sustainability Institute, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Environment, University of the Azores, Rua Capitão João d´Ávila, Pico da Urze, Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal¶ Centre for Functional Ecology, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Calçada Martim de Freitas, 3000-456, Coimbra, Portugal# ForestWISE - Collaborative Laboratory for integrated Forest Fire Management, Vila Real, Portugal¤ Departamento de Ecologia y Biologia Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, Spain« IUCN SSC Mid-Atlantic Islands Specialist Group, Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal
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The Gorongosa National Park (Mozambique) is one of the most emblematic protected areas in Africa, well known for its vertebrate biodiversity and restoration ecology efforts following the Mozambican civil war in 1992. The invertebrate biodiversity of Gorongosa National Park is still poorly studied, although the scarce information available indicates the existence of a rich number of species, particularly ground-beetles. The study of Caraboidea beetles is key for designing conservation practices since they are frequently used as biodiversity and ecological indicators and provide valuable information to help decision making. Therefore, the diversity assessment of Caraboidea beetles using standardized methodologies, can be used to quantify the effects of climate change in areas identified as vulnerable to antropogenic pressures, such as the Gorongosa National Park

We report the occurrence of five tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) and 93 ground beetles (Carabidae) species/morphospecies in Gorongosa National Park from a field survey funded by the ECOASSESS project. Sampling was performed in the four main habitat types present in the park (miombo tropical forest, mixed dry forest, transition forest and grasslands) between October 25th and November 25th. In this sampling window, the turnover of Caraboidea species from the dry season to the wet season was recorded for the first time. Twenty-seven species of ground-beetles are new records to Mozambique, including three new subgenera and two new genera. Additional information on species phenology and habitat preferences is also provided.

Biodiversity conservation, cicindelids, carabids, diversity assessment, habitat associations, Miombo forest, Mozambique, new records