ARPHA Preprints, doi: 10.3897/arphapreprints.e64556
Utilizing integrative taxonomy uncovers a new stygobiotic Caridina species (Decapoda: Caridea: Atyidae) from Guizhou Province, China
expand article infoShuo Feng, Qing-Hua Chen§, Zhao-Liang Guo
‡ Foshan University, Foshan, China§ South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, Guangzhou, China
Open Access
Collecting much-needed information on the taxonomy, distribution, and ecology of cave-dwelling shrimp is the foundation for addressing urgent challenges in conservation biodiversity and these fragile ecosystems. Caridina unicolor sp. nov., a new atyid shrimp from an underground stream of Yaoshui Cave, Daqikong scenic area, Libo County, Guizhou Province, southwestern China is described based on morphology and DNA analysis (mitochondrial COI). Caridina unicolor sp. nov. differs from epigean congeners by the variable eye, ranging from reduced to blind; colorless body and appendages; the long stylocerite and sixth abdominal segment; and relatively large eggs. In comparison to other cave species, Caridina unicolor sp. nov. presents a long rostrum and stylocerite; the slender sixth abdominal segment; and the unique shape of appendix masculina. The data on the habitat, ecology, and the levels of threat are provided and suggest that it be categorized as Critically Endangered (CR).
Caridina, COI, freshwater biodiversity, southwestern China, spelaeology, taxonomy, conservation biodiversity