ARPHA Preprints, doi: 10.3897/arphapreprints.e81207
Europa Biodiversity Observation Network: integrating data streams to support policy
expand article infoHenrique M. Pereira, Jessi Junker, Néstor Fernández, Joachim Maes§, Pedro Beja|, Aletta Bonn#, Tom Breeze¤, Lluís Brotons«, Helge Bruehlheide», Marcel Buchhorn˄, César Capinha˅, Cher Chow¦, Karolin Dietrich, Maria Dornelas¦, Grégoire Duboisˀ, Miguel Fernandez, Mark Frenzelˁ, Nikolai Friberg, Steffen Fritz, Ivelina Georgieva, Anne Gobin˄, Carlos Guerra, Sigrid Haande, Sergi Herrando, Ute Jandt, W. Daniel Kissling, Ingolf Kühn, Christian Langer, Camino Liquete, Anne Lyche Solheim, David Martí , Juliette G. C. Martin, Annett Masur, Ian McCallum, Marit Mjelde, Jannicke Moe, Hannah Moersberger, Alejandra Morán-Ordóñez, Francisco Moreira, Martin Musche, Laetitia M. Navarro, Alberto Orgiazzi, Robert Patchett¦, Lyubomir Penev‡‡§§, Joan Pino||, Gabriela Popova¶¶, Simon Potts##, Anna Ramon, Leonard Sandin, Joana Santana, Anna Sapundzhieva¶¶, Linda See, Judy Shamoun-Baranes¤¤, Bruno Smets˄, Pavel Stoev««, Leho Tedersoo»», Liis Tiimann»», Jose Valdez, Sara Vallecillo˄˄, Roy H. A. Van Grunsven˅˅, Ruben Van De Kerchove˄, Dani Villero, Piero Visconti, Claudia Weinhold¦¦, Annika M. Zuleger
‡ German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Leipzig, Germany§ European Commission, Brussels, Belgium| Instituto de Ciencias, Tecnologias e Agroambiente da Universidade do Porto (ICETA) – BIOPOLIS, Vairão, Portugal¶ Helmholtz-Center for Environmental Research – UFZ, Leipzig, Germany# Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany¤ University of Reading (UoR), U.K., Reading, United Kingdom« Centre Tecnològic Forestal de Catalunya, Solsona, Spain» Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany˄ Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek NV (VITO), Boeretang, Belgium˅ Universidade de Lisboa (ULISBOA), Lisboa, Portugal¦ University of St Andrews (UoSA), St Andrews, United Kingdomˀ European Commission - Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italyˁ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Leipzig, Germany₵ Norsk Institutt for Vannforskning (NIVA), Oslo, Norwayℓ International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Wien, Austria₰ unknown, unknnown, Afghanistan₱ German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany₳ Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany₴ University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands₣ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Halle, Germany₮ Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany₦ JRC Europe, Brussels, Belgium₭ Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF), Barcelona, Spain₲ Helmholtz Zentrum für Umweltforschung (UFZ), Leipzig, Germany‽ Instituto de Ciencias, Tecnologias e Agroambiente da Universidade do Porto (ICETA) – BIOPOLIS, Porto, Portugal₩ Martin-Luther-Universiät Halle-Wittenberg (MLU)/ German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Halle (Saale), Germany₸ European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy‡‡ Institute of Biodiversity & Ecosystem Research - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria§§ Pensoft Publishers & Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria|| Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals (CREAF), Bellaterra, Spain¶¶ Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria## University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom¤¤ Universiteit van Amsterdam (UvA), Amsterdam, Netherlands«« National Museum of Natural History and Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria»» Tartu Ülikool (UT), Tartu, Estonia˄˄ Joint Research Centre (JRC), unknown, Italy˅˅ De Vlinderstichting/ Dutch Butterfly Conservation, Wageningen, Netherlands¦¦ Martin-Luther-Universiät Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Halle, Germany
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Observations are key to understand the drivers of biodiversity loss, and the impacts on ecosystem services and ultimately on people. Many EU policies and initiatives demand unbiased, integrated and regularly updated biodiversity and ecosystem service data. However, efforts to monitor biodiversity are spatially and temporally fragmented, taxonomically biased, and lack integration in Europe. EuropaBON aims to bridge this gap by designing an EU-wide framework for monitoring biodiversity and ecosystem services. EuropaBON harnesses the power of modelling essential variables to integrate different reporting streams, data sources, and monitoring schemes. These essential variables provide consistent knowledge about multiple dimensions of biodiversity change across space and time. They can then be analyzed and synthesized to support decision-making at different spatial scales, from the sub-national to the European scale, through the production of indicators and scenarios. To develop essential biodiversity and ecosystem variables workflows that are policy relevant, EuropaBON is built around stakeholder engagement and knowledge exchange (WP2). EuropaBON will work with stakeholders to identify user and policy needs for biodiversity monitoring and investigate the feasibility of setting up a center to coordinate monitoring activities across Europe (WP2). Together with stakeholders, EuropaBON will assess current monitoring efforts to identify gaps, data and workflow bottlenecks, and analyse cost-effectiveness of different schemes (WP3). This will be used to co-design improved monitoring schemes using novel technologies to become more representative temporally, spatially and taxonomically, delivering multiple benefits to users and society (WP4). Finally, EuropaBON will demonstrate in a set of showcases how workflows tailored to the Birds Directive, Habitats Directive, Water Framework Directive, Climate and Restoration Policy, and the Bioeconomy Strategy, can be implemented (WP5).

Biodiversity indicators, Biodiversity monitoring, co-design, cost-effectiveness, EU policy, Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs), Essential Ecosystem Services Variables (EESVs), in situ observations, remote sensing, data streams, stakeholder engagement